2015年考研[微博]英文语法长难句精析(后生可畏)

  第三日:抓住阅读五层递进——阅读必背句子

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  考研立陶宛(Lithuania卡塔 尔(英语:State of Qatar)语长难句深入分析涉及到各种题型,考生若是能够准确的通晓长难句,然后再结合各题型的才能,考生在做题时就足以贯虱穿杨了,当然,最核心的词汇底子是要贯穿到复习的逐风华正茂阶段,方今考生有了显著的词汇底子,何况对于底工语法也是有一定的垂询,然则遭逢长难句时就麻烦入手,下边老师给考生疏享下怎么精析长难句。

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有无法贫乏熟稔长难句的花色以致它们分别的首要性。前日先介绍长难句的握住格局,再交由一些标准的句子,提议熟读以致背诵,以成就考试时遭逢肖似句子就能够引发要害。

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  1. The physicist rightly dreads preciseargument, since an argument
that is convincing only if it is precise loses allits force if the
assumptions on which it is based are slightly changed whereasan argument
that is convincing though imprecise may well be stable under
smallperturbations of its underlying assumptions。

  风华正茂、 长难句平日应对计谋

  阅读命题常针对长难句。所以很有必不可少熟稔长难句的花色以致它们分别的要害。上面给出一些头名的语句,提出熟读以致背诵,以成功考试时遇见相似句子就能够掀起根本。

  深入分析:本句的定语从句相当多,首先要分清主干,然后依照从句调度语序:since后的主题是:an argument loses all its force,argument 后的that指导的是定语从句修饰argument,if辅导的是规范状语从句,if后的大旨是:the assumptions are slightly changed.  on which 修饰assumption,
whereas后的宗旨是:an argument may well be stable. 此中that是指导argument的定语从句,under后边的是状语。

  1.从句又多又长:叁个主句带五个从句,从句中又带有从句

  1、复合句

  参谋翻译:化学家有理由思量正确的探讨,假如根据那几个钻探的只要发生变化,那么这几个值得信任的讨论就能失去它具备的威力,不过在机密的假使下,这一个虽不正确但还值得信赖的座谈恐怕依旧值得担心。

  应对方式:先抓核心,搜索复杂句中最基本的主谓宾,再层层展开

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is
advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however
farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is
possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal。

  2. He is referring to the upsurge ofinterest in mobile television, a
nascent industry at the intersection oftelecoms and media which offers
new opportunities to device-makers,content producers and mobile-network
operators。

  2.句子中饱含长长的插入成分:用插入语来交代某句话是什么人说的依旧是出口人的身价,或表明、表明后边的内容

  [布局解析]

  拆解解析:本句的主旨是:He is referring to the upsurgeof interest in
mobile television. 逗号后是同位语从句修饰mobile
television,在同位语从句中现身whichoffers new opportunities to
device-makers, content producers and mobile-networkoperators.
辅导的定语从句,补充表达nascent industry。

  应对方式:精通句子主干时,先不理睬插入语,等把主句的意思看完整,然后再看插入元素

  本句的为主是it is advisable to find out… for… it is possible
that…,句首的When指引三个小时状语从句,句中的for… it is possible…
(至句末)是一个天公地道分句,表示原因,在那之中for前边的however +形容词farfetched
and unreasonable辅导状语从句,表示退让。在主干it is advisable to find
out… 中,it是样式主语,前面包车型地铁不定式结构to find out what its advocates
are aiming at是当真的主语。

  参谋翻译:他谈起了人人对运动TV的宏大兴趣,那是四个在邮电通讯和传播媒介世界有时有时无的新兴行业,它给设备创建商、电视机内容制作者以致运动网络运行商提供了新的空子。

  3. 分词短语、独立主格结构的掺和

  [参谋译文]

  3. Meanwhile, Apple Computer, whichlaunched a video-capable version
of its iPod portable music-player in October,is striking deals with
television networks to expand the range of shows thatcan be purchased
for viewing on the device, including “Lost”,

  应对格局:主句最重大的性状就是有总体的主谓结构,特别是独自的谓语部分。叁个肖似句子的构造,若无独立的谓语部分,它就不是句子,而是分词短语、独立主格结构等,能够先跳过不看

  当艺术上的风流倜傥项国民党的新生活运动动到达自然流行水平时,最佳先弄清该活动倡导者的指标,因为,不论他们的写作条件在今天总的来讲多么牵强、多么荒唐,在现在那几个理论有十分大也许会被视为不荒谬的事物。

  “Desperate Housewives” and “Law &Order”。

  4. 二种境况的插花

  2、并列句

  深入深入分析:本句比较长,现身了非定语从句的相间结构,本句的中坚是:Apple
计算机 is striking deals with television networks to expandthe range
of shows…,现身了which launched a video-capable version ofits iPod
portable music-player in October,引导的定语从句修饰Apple
计算机。That带领的定语从句修饰shows。句末的分词结构including“Lost”,
“Desperate Housewives”and “Law &Order”作陪伴状语,注明range
ofshows的具体内容。

  应对情势:在此以前向后,抓住独立的谓语部分,进而区分出主句和分词状语,再依靠主句与从句之间的连接词,区分出主句和从句,层层扩大精晓,插入语在哪个等级次序,就放在哪个档次了然

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether
your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him
to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an
orderly and reasonably connected manner。

  参考翻译:与此同一时候,苹果Computer公司在一月贩售了意气风发款可以观看电视机的便携式音乐播放器iPod,该厂家大大扶植了电视互联网扩充其能够供客商购买的、用于在活动终端的节目范围,

  二、 特殊句型

  [布局深入深入分析]

  包涵《迷失》、《绝望的主妇》以至《法律与秩序》。

  对于特别规句型,如设想语气,能够将其掌握成生机勃勃种反事实就算,也便是作者的思想和态度与之相反。对于分隔结构来讲,其基本平常在破折号、逗号和定语从句之外,阅读时得以先跳过修饰成分。对于涉嫌结构,要学会搜索第二有的,因为第二有的有的时候是句子的根本。如在not…but…之中,入眼在but…今后。

  那也是一个同仁一视句,包含几个分句。第贰个分句的中坚是your could-be
employer is deciding whether…,当中whether指导贰个宾语从句whether your
education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to
employ you;第一个分句的基本是your “wares” and abilities must be
displayed…。注意:pay sb. to do
sth。此处的意味是“做…对…有利”;“wares”的本义是“商品、物品”,但在本文中,小编感到找专门的工作便是推销自身,所以结合本文的背景,wares的野趣是“(求职者的)经历或技艺”。

  以上正是大家与考生疏享的语法长难句精析,希望考生们多做那上边的演习题,稳步通晓分析长难句的本事。

  三、具体句子

  [参谋译文]

  二〇一六年考研丹麦语语法长难句精析(二)

  1.复合句

  与您开口时,也许形成你今后业主的人会考虑你所受的启蒙、你的经历和你的别的涉世是或不是在雇佣你之后会给他带来好处。你的“经验”和技巧必需井然有条、合理连贯地呈现出来。

  考生在言之有序丹麦语长难句时要注意语法在句子中的“混合搭配”,对于综合语法的应用,考生要有能识其他慧眼,上面老师给考生详细深入分析:

  When a new movement in art attains a certain fashion, it is
advisable to find out what its advocates are aiming at, for, however
farfetched and unreasonable their principles may seem today, it is
possible that in years to come they may be regarded as normal.

  3、定语从句

  1. Some technologies do indeed improve at such a predictable pace
that theyobey simple formulae such as Moore’s law, which acts as a
battle plan for thesemiconductor industry。

  [参考译文]

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging
a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency
that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and
third generation after the energetic founders。

  分析:本句不是相当长,结构相比较清楚,主句为Some technologies do indeed
improve at such a predictable pace thatthey obey simple formulae such as
穆尔’s law,这里考生要能识别出such…that…结构;前边的
which指导非约束性定语从句,修饰先行词formulae such as Moore’s
law,which在从句中作主语。

  当艺术上的黄金时代项新活动达到一定流行水经常,最棒先弄清该运动倡导者的目的,因为,无论他们的著述原则在今日简单的说多么牵强、多么荒诞,在现在此些理论有希望会被视为正常的事物。

  [协会深入深入分析]

  参谋译文:的确,某些本领的上扬是以生龙活虎种可预测的节拍进行着,它们据守Moore定律般不难的公式,好比是元素半导体育工作业的行动安插。

  [协会剖析]

  本句是二个同样珍视句,以and连接;第二个分句的中坚是The change met the
technical requirements…,后边的介词结构by engaging a large
professional element作状语,表达met the technical requirements of the
new age的方法;第二个分句的基本是(the change) prevented the decline in
efficiency,前面的that教导的定语从句修饰decline in
efficiency。注意:engage此处的乐趣是“雇,聘”。

  2. Visit many online sites to research a car, and they will sell
your nameimmediately to local dealerships which will then harass you in
theold-fashioned way。

  本句的骨干是it is advisable to find out… for… it is possible
that…,句首的When指导一个年华状语从句,句中的for… it is possible…
(至句末)是叁个并列分句,表示原因,个中for前面包车型大巴however +形容词farfetched
and unreasonable指导状语从句,表示妥协。在主干it is advisable to find
out… 中,it是样式主语,前边的不定式结构to find out what its advocates
are aiming at是确实的主语。

  [仿照效法译文]

  拆解解析:本句是and指点的三个并列分句。注意前一分句轻易了和后一分句雷同的主语they(指代网络发售商)。同有时候也得以清楚为是:祈使句+and+平常以后时,后一分句中,they
will sell your nameimmediately to local
dealerships是主句,关系代词which教导定语从句whichwill then harass you in
the old fashioned way,which指代上文的一整句话。

  2.并列句

  通过任用大批量的差事人才,这生机勃勃变动满足了新时代的本事必要,幸免了效能减少——在过去,这种频率下跌平日使亲族集团在充满活力的创办实业者事后的第二代或第三代毁掉全体财产。

  参照他事他说加以考查译文:互联网出卖商通过拜见多量的网址去寻找大器晚成部车,然后就能够把您的名字提须要本地的经销商,这又会令你重临到原先这种购网店模特式所带来的干扰中。

  While talking to you, your could-be employer is deciding whether
your education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him
to employ you and your “wares” and abilities must be displayed in an
orderly and reasonably connected manner.

  4、名词性从句

  3.  Even China’s population will be declining bythe early 2030s,
according to the UN, which projects that by 2050 populationswill be
lower than they are today in 50 countries。

  [参照译文]

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information
flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request。

  拆解剖析:本句的主句为China’s population will be declining by the early
2030s。其后的定语从句which projects that by 2050populations will be
lower than they are today in 50
countries修UN,关系代词在从句中作主语,注意这里project作动词用,译为“建议”,且从句里使用了比较级。

  与您讲讲时,恐怕成为你以往CEO的人会考虑你所受的带领、你的经历和你的别的资历是不是在雇佣你未来会给他带给益处。你的“资历”和技巧必需有条理、合理连贯地出示出来。

  [组织解析]

  参谋译文:联合国关于报告建议,即即是华夏,到2030年早先时代人口也将最初依次减少。那份报告同一时间还提出,到2050年,将有肆21个国家的人口低现今日的档案的次序。

  [组织剖判]

  本句的骨干是Online culture thinks highly of the notion
that…,此中notion前面包车型大巴that指导贰个同位语从句,表明notion的具体内容;同位语从句的基本是the
information…comes there…,个中flowing onto the screen作定语,修饰the
information,句末的by specific request作状语,修饰come there。

  4.  That is surely how history will judge moderncriticism of video
games, which are accused of turning young people intoviolent
criminals.        

  那也是四个并列排在一条线句,包括七个分句。第二个分句的宗旨是your could-be
employer is deciding whether…,此中whether辅导一个宾语从句whether your
education, your experience, and other qualifications will pay him to
employ you;第叁个分句的主干是your “wares” and abilities must be
displayed…。注意:pay sb. to do
sth.此处的意趣是“做…对…有利”;“wares”的本义是“商品、货品”,但在本文中,小编以为找工作正是推销自身,所以结合本文的背景,wares的情致是“(求职者的)经历或手艺”。

  [参谋译文]

  拆解解析:本句的主句是主系表结构:That is surely how history will judge
modern criticism of
videogames,在那之中表语是how辅导的名词性从句,定语从句which are accused
ofturning young people into violent criminals修饰video
games,关系代词which指代先行词videogames,which在从句中作主语,考生要小心这里运用了颓废语态be
accused of,在翻译时大家译成主动。

  3.定语从句

  互联网知识极其爱惜那样生龙活虎种观点:出现在客商显示屏上的新闻应该是依照客商特定供给发送过来的。

  参照他事他说加以考查译文:对于前日一代那多少个指控电视娱乐使青少年形成暴力人犯的商议者们,历史最后也将对她们作出相仿的批判。

  The change met the technical requirements of the new age by engaging
a large professional element and prevented the decline in efficiency
that so commonly spoiled the fortunes of family firms in the second and
third generation after the energetic founders.

  5、状语从句

  以上就是先生与大家大饱眼福的语法在长难句中的应用,希望考生能够认真总计句子中的语法,多演习,熟悉精通。

  [参照译文]

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they
remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they
do some modest belt tightening。

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  通过聘用大批量的事恋人才,那生龙活虎变通告足了新时期的技巧需求,防止了频率收缩——在过去,这种频率减少平时使宗族集团在充满活力的创办实业者随后的第二代或第三代毁掉全数资金财产。

  [布局剖析]

  [组织深入分析]

  本句是以and连接的并列句,在那之中第四个分句的骨干是many
say…,say前面包车型地铁有些是宾语从句,当中还蕴藏贰个as辅导的投降状语从句。

  本句是二个并列句,以and连接;第多少个分句的骨干是The change met the
technical requirements…,前面包车型客车介词结构by engaging a large
professional element作状语,表达met the technical requirements of the
new age的秘技;第三个分句的着力是(the change) prevented the decline in
efficiency,前面包车型客车that辅导的定语从句修饰decline in
efficiency。注意:engage此处的乐趣是“雇,聘”。

  [参照译文]

  4.名词性从句

  消费者们看上去只是多少悲观,而从未恐慌,超多买主说就算他们正在把开垦压缩一点,然则她们对渔人之利的持久前程依然保持开朗。

  Online culture thinks highly of the notion that the information
flowing onto the screen comes there by specific request.

  6、特殊结构

  [参照他事他说加以调查译文]

  (1)强调句

  网络知识极度重视那样大器晚成种观点:出以后客户荧屏上的音信应该是依据顾客特定需要发送过来的。

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and
drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so
fascinating。

  [结构解析]

  [社团拆解解析]

  本句的主干是Online culture thinks highly of the notion
that…,个中notion前边的that引导贰个同位语从句,表明notion的具体内容;同位语从句的中坚是the
information…comes there…,个中flowing onto the screen作定语,修饰the
information,句末的by specific request作状语,修饰come there。

  那是一个重申句,基本构造是it is…suffering…that makes…so
fascinating,被强调某个是humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of
flood and drought,此中的中央词是suffering,有四个修饰成分:humankind’s
long和at the mercy of flood and
drought(受旱灾和涝灾摆布)都做suffering的定语。suffering那些词除了是被着重提出的部非常,依旧背后that指点的从句的主语;在that辅导的从句中,ideal做宾语,带有of带领的动名词短语forcing
the waters to do our bidding(让河水听大家吩咐)那几个定语;so
fascinating做ideal的宾语补语,表达ideal的性状。

  5.状语从句

  [参照译文]

  Consumers seem only concerned, not panicked, and many say they
remain optimistic about the economy’s long-term prospects, even as they
do some modest belt tightening.

  大概就是因为人类一如既往受到旱灾和涝灾摆布的惨重,才使他们克制受涝的优良显得如此扣人心弦。

  [参照译文]

  (2)倒装结构

  消费者们看上去只是有一些怀恋,而从不恐慌,超级多客户说即便她们正在把开荒压缩一点,可是他们对经济的长时间前途依旧维持乐天。

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search
for spacious living than in the Far West。

  [组织解析]

  [布局解析]

  本句是以and连接的并列句,当中第二个分句的着力是many
say…,say前边的片段是宾语从句,在那之中还包蕴八个as辅导的折衷状语从句。

  否定副词nowhere放在句首,所以句子现身实形势部倒装。注意:more
与否认词nowhere一齐行使,也便是最高端。dramatize此处的情致是“优异显示,使…戏剧化”。

  6.例外结构

  [参考译文]

  Perhaps it is humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of flood and
drought that makes the ideal of forcing the waters to do our bidding so
fascinating.

  1980年U.S.的人口普遍检查数据评释,未有哪位地点比United States最南部更能出色展示英国人想寻觅更普及的生存空间。

  [仿照效法译文]

  (3)比较结构

  也许就是因为人类长久以来饱受旱灾和涝灾摆布的优伤,才使他们战胜洪水的杰出显得如此回味无穷。

  Mr. McWhorter’s academic specialty is language history and change,
and he sees the gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be
natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old
English。

  [布局深入分析]

  [协会深入分析]

  那是五个强调句,基本组织是it is…suffering…that makes…so
fascinating,被强调有个别是humankind’s long suffering at the mercy of
flood and drought,在那之中的主旨词是suffering,有七个修饰成分:humankind’s
long和at the mercy of flood and
drought(受旱灾和涝灾摆布)都做suffering的定语。suffering那一个词除了是被重申的一些外,照旧背后that携带的从句的主语;在that指引的从句中,ideal做宾语,带有of指引的动名词短语forcing
the waters to do our bidding(让河水听我们吩咐)那几个定语;so
fascinating做ideal的宾语补语,表达ideal的特点。

  本句是贰个并列句,满含七个以and连接的分句,在那之中第一个分句比较复杂:宾语是the
gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example,接着是to be natural and
no more regrettable,那风流罗曼蒂克部分作上述宾语的补足语,最终是相比较结构no
more… than… (像…相近不…)。

  Nowhere do 1980 census statistics dramatize more the American search
for spacious living than in the Far West.

  [参照译文]

  [参照译文]

  迈克沃特先生的学问长于是语言史和语言变化。举个例子来讲,他认为“whom”风度翩翩词的逐年消散是很当然的,像古英中词格结尾的收敛相似不令人心痛。

  一九七八年美利坚联邦合众国的人口普遍检查数据申明,未有哪个地点比美国最西部更能特出体现英国人想搜寻更加宽泛的生存空间。

  (4)分隔结构

  [布局深入深入分析]

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather
difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the
theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as
Literature。

  否定副词nowhere放在句首,所以句子现身一些倒装。注意:more
与否认词nowhere一同行使,相当于最高档。dramatize此处的野趣是“优质体现,使…戏剧化”。

  [布局深入分析]

  7.分隔结构

  本句的着力是the case is rather difficult, for… it can hardly be
classed as
Literature,前边的however表示本句与前一句形成对照,句首的介词结构With
regard to Futurist poetry作状语,个中with regard to的意味是“关于…”;
for… it can hardly be classed as
Literature是一个并列排在一条线分句,表示原因,主干是it can hardly be classed as
Literature; for前面包车型客车从句whatever Futurist poetry may
be表示妥胁,作状语;破折号之间的少年老成部分even admitting that…
也是迁就状语,个中that 辅导多个宾语从句that the theory… may be
right,而从句的主语theory后又满含定语从句on which it is based。

  With regard to Futurist poetry, however, the case is rather
difficult, for whatever Futurist poetry may be—even admitting that the
theory on which it is based may be right—it can hardly be classed as
Literature.

  [参照他事他说加以考查译文]

  [参谋译文]

  可是就现在主义随想来说,情形就很难说了,因为无论今后主义诗歌是哪些——即便认可其辩白底工是没有错的——也很难将其归为文化艺术。

  但是就现在主义诗歌而言,意况就很难说了,因为不管今后主义散文是什么——即便承认其辩白根基是无可反对的——也很难将其归为法学。

  来源:万学海文

  [布局解析]

  本句的为主是the case is rather difficult, for… it can hardly be
classed as
Literature,前面包车型客车however表示本句与前一句产生对照,句首的介词结构With
regard to Futurist poetry作状语,此中with regard
to的意味是“关于…”;for… it can hardly be classed as
Literature是一个并列排在一条线分句,表示原因,主干是it can hardly be classed as
Literature;for后边的从句whatever Futurist poetry may
be表示迁就,作状语;破折号之间的有些even admitting that…
也是迁就状语,个中that 引导八个宾语从句that the theory… may be
right,而从句的主语theory后又带有定语从句on which it is based。

  8.涉嫌结构

  A survey of news stories in 1996 reveals that the antiscience tag
has been attached to many other groups as well, from authorities who
advocated the elimination of the last remaining stocks of smallpox virus
to Republicans who advocated decreased funding for basic research.

  [参照译文]

  1998年进展的大器晚成项音讯调查注脚,反科学的竹签还被贴在别的过多团伙身上——从力主消弭最终剩余的种种天花病毒的机关,到主持减弱实验商量经费的共和党人。

  [布局分析]

  本句的主导是A survey…reveals
that…,主语是survey,谓语是reveals,前面包车型大巴that指导三个宾语从句,其基本是:the
antiscience tag has been attached to many other groups as
well,后边的局地是from和to连接的五个名词:from authorities…to
Republicans…,表达other
groups的剧情,而多少个名词前面各自带三个定语从句,都由who指点。

  The astonishing distrust of the news media isn’t rooted in
inaccuracy or poor reportorial skills but in the daily clash of world
views between reporters and their readers.

  [参照译文]

  读者对消息媒体令人好奇的不相信赖并不是来自报纸发表失实或通信本领相当糟糕,而是源于新闻报道工作者和读者之间世界观的平日冲突。

  [协会分析]

  本句的主干是distrust … isn’t rooted in… but in…
(不相信赖的源于不是…而是…),个中be rooted in…
的意味是“根源在于…”。注意:这是风流浪漫种特有句式,入眼在but之后的部分。

  9.难词与词组

  Mr. McWhorter’s academic specialty is language history and change,
and he sees the gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example, to be
natural and no more regrettable than the loss of the case-endings of Old
English.

  [参照译文]

  MikeWat先生的学问专长是语言史和言语变化。举个例子来讲,他感到“whom”后生可畏词的逐月消亡是很当然的,象古德文中词格结尾的流失同样不让人心痛。

  [布局拆解深入分析]

  本句是三个并列句,包括八个以and连接的分句,在那之中第贰个分句比较复杂:宾语是the
gradual disappearance of “whom”, for example,接着是to be natural and no
more regrettable,那大器晚成有的作上述宾语的补足语,最终是比较结构no more…
than… (象…相仿不…)。

  10.指代

  “The term ‘antiscience’ can lump together too many, quite different
things,” notes Harvard University philosopher Gerald Holton in his 1993
work Science and Anti-Science, “They have in common only one thing that
they tend to annoy or threaten those who regard themselves as more
enlightened.”

  [参照译文]

  巴黎综合理工大学农学教师杰拉尔德•霍尔顿在他1991年问世的《科学和反科学》黄金时代书中提出:“‘反科学’意气风发词把太多特不形似的内容同日而道——而那一个内容唯有少数是联合签字的,那就是它们往往惹恼大概威逼到那个自感觉比旁人知识越来越多的人。”

  [组织解析]

  本句是一个平昔引语,说话人是Harvard University philosopher Gerald
霍尔特on,动词note在这里边的野趣是“提议”。直接引语的首先有的是个简易句,此中lump
together的字面意思是“把…同日而道,把…归总到一齐”。间接引语的第二部分相比较复杂,主干是They
have in common only one thing…,that they tend to annoy or threaten
those…是同位语从句,表达先行词one
thing的具体内容,此中those带有一个修饰它的定语从句who regard themselves
as more
enlightened。那风姿洒脱局地的难关之一是代词的取代难点:第二个they指代直接引语第一片段的too
many, quite different
things,因为they经常代表复数名词;第三个they也是雷同;themselves就近指代后边的those,指人。要一口咬定指代关系,能够依赖“单复数”和“就近原则”等标准举办,然后将分明的代替对象代入,看是还是不是通畅和合乎逻辑。

  (本文撰写时参照了李传伟编慕与著述的《二〇〇四年考研爱沙尼亚语真题长难句突破》和《2009年考研西班牙语阅读真题全方位突破》)

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